Showing posts with label sights. Show all posts
Showing posts with label sights. Show all posts

Tuesday, November 8, 2011

Heroes' Square (Hősök tere, Budapest)

Hősök tere

Hősök tere (meaning "Heroes' Square" in Hungarian is one of the major squares of Budapest, Hugary, rich with historic and political connotationa. Its iconic statue complex, the Millennium Memorial, was completed in 1900, the same year the square was named "Heroes' Square". It lies at the end of Andrássy Avenue (with which it comprises part of an extensive World Heritage site), next to City Park.
Hősök tere is surrounded by two important buildings, Museum of Fine Arts on the left and Palace of Art (or more accurately Hall of Art) on the right.

Hősök tere

The central site of the hero's square, as well as a landmark of Budapest, is the Millennium Memorial (also known as Millennium Monument or Millenary Monument) with statues of the leaders of the seven tribes that founded Hungary in the 9th century and other outstanding figures of Hungarian history (see below). The construction of the memorial was started when the one thousandth anniversary was celebrated (in 1896), but it was finished only in 1900 and the square got its name then.
When the monument was originally constructed, Hungary was a part of the Austrian Empire and thus the last five spaces for statues on the left of the colonnade were reserved for members of the ruling Habsburg dynasty. From left to right these were: Ferdinand I (relief: Defense of the Castle at Eger); Leopold I (relief: Eugene of Savoy defeats the Turks at Zenta), Charles III, Maria Theresa (relief: The Hungarian Diet votes support "vitam et sanguinem") and Franz Joseph (relief: Franz Joseph crowned by Gyula Andrássy) The monument was damaged in World War II and when it was rebuilt the Habsburgs were replaced by the current figures.
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On the 16th June 1989 a crowd of 250,000 gathered at the square for the historic reburial of Imre Nagy, who had been executed in June 1958.
It is also a station of the yellow M1 (Millennium Underground) line of the Budapest Metro.
(Source: Wikipedia)
Hősök tere

Sunday, November 6, 2011

Elizabeth lookout on Janos Hill, Budapest (Hungary)


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On the top of János Hill, at the highest point of Budapest, stands the Elizabeth Lookout (Erzsébet-kilátó, built in 1908-1910).

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The lookout offers a splendid view in all directions and in clear weather it is possible to see as far as the mountain peaks at 77 kilometres.
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Erzsébet kilátóból
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The neo-Romanesque tower is 23.5 metres-high with a circular base and a terraced layout. A 101-step spiral staircase leads to the top. Frigyes Schulek designed the tower, which was built partly from public donations. The terrace around the tower was built in 1931.
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The stone lookout tower we see today replaced an earlier wooden structure. János Hill had already become a popular recreational spot among the inhabitants of the capital by the 19th century. In 1882 Queen Elizabeth (also known as Sisi), wife of the Austrian Emperor and Hungarian King Franz Joseph, made an excursion to the top of János Hill. The lookout was named after Queen Elizabeth.
There are several ways to get to the lookout. If you are planning a longer walk, you may approach it using the Cogwheel Railway (Fogaskerekű vasút) or, if you are only looking for a short walk, it is worth travelling there by the Children's Railway (Gyermekvasút) or the Chairlift (Libegő).

Friday, August 27, 2010

Fertőrákos (Hungary)

Fertőrákos

Fertőrákos is a more than 800 year old village which has been a part of the Fertő-Hanság National Park since 2001. It is on UNESCO's World Heritage List. Fertőrákos attracts visitors each year with its unique history, culture and recreational offerings.

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Village with 2,240 inhabitants 7 km from Sopron at Lake Fertő.

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The limestone-quarry offers a quite special sight, like the churches cut in rock in Egypt.

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Mining operations in the Lajta limestone begun some 2000 years ago, the acoustics of the halls is excellent, cave-theatre preformances are held every summer.

On the eastern hill of the stone quarry the metal sculpture by Gabriele von Habsburg stands like an exclamation mark.

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It is a column made of metal and barbed wire with the date of the Pan-European Picnic and the names of participants. On the ribbon under the board you can read a Latin text:” In neccessariis unitas - in dubiis libertas - in omnibus caritas.” (In need unity - in scepticism freedom - love everywhere.) The memorial symbolizes the iron curtain and recalls forever the memories of the border breakthrough in 1989.

Town wall remains form the 16th century and a pillory (the only one in the country standing on its original place) can be seen.

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It stands in the centre of the village. It is the only monument of its kind in Hungary and symbolizes independent judgment. It may have been erected in the 17th century. A new prison under the market place and a tower called the pillory above it were built. The prison was guarded by the leaders of the village. They sentenced the people to imprisonment or to the pillory. Before the pillory was built, convicted persons were fastened to a tree in the market place. On the top of pillory you can see the coat of arms of Fertőrákos.

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The fine Baroque Bishop's Palace was built, on medieval foundations, in the 17-18th centuries, now it is a museum.

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The tower of the Baroque Roman Catholic church, a listed monument in the village, goes back to medieval origin.

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The Chrystal Museum Fertőrákos is an unique museum in the world.

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Here you can find an exhibition of a protected amateur collection, 2000 calcite crystals and minerals in different colours and shapes and 500 fossil remains. You can become familiar with the hidden beauty of Hungary. The Museum is excellent for enriching knowledge of the country, geography, petrography and mineralogy.

If you travel to Győr-Msoson-Sopron country you have to visit this wonderful place, too!

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(The park of 1989)

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(Statue of Fridrich von Kreuzpec)